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what countries did britain colonize

It remains to be seen if any one power will again dominate over such a large portion of the globe, but history does have a tendency to repeat itself. 4 The Sun Never Set. Britain was left essentially bankrupt, with insolvency only averted in 1946 after the negotiation of a $US 4.33 billion loanfrom the United States, the last installment of which … Historians debate exactly how this happened. By the end of her 64-year reign, the United Kingdom (U.K.) controlled more than 14 million square miles of territory and produced around 30 percent of the world's total industrial output. In part, this may have been due to a transfer of British ideas about the separation of classes to their overseas colonies. But it took a couple of decades for the European colonialism to fully collapse; France was fighting for Algeria until 1962 and Portugal did not abandon its African colonies until 1974. Former British Colonies. In what is now the eastern US, thirteen British colonies were set up during the 17th and 18th centuries. He dug into the history of almost 200 … The other country was Great Britain, who happened to colonize many countries besides Sudan (Benjamin 1060). It grew at a unique time in history, and while it has shrunk considerably since it began, the effects of the empire are felt globally to this day. This eventually led to the American War of Independence, also known as the Revolutionary War, which took place from 1775 to 1783. India. The primary motive was to become a planetary superpower and dominate the world. After protracted conflict, governance of India was officially transferred to the British crown in 1877 with Queen Victoria acquiring the title of Empress of India. Britain had an extensive history of colonization, and it wanted colonies in North America for multiple reasons, including to increase their trading opportunities, create new jobs, and bring in revenue from colonial workers and goods. In 1935, Britain consented to separate Burma from India and this was put into force in 1937 (Wilson). It all began back in the 1600s when Britain first set up the East India Company in order to bring silk, spices, tea, and salt from India to Europe. These countries had been part of the Ottoman Empire until World War I. This is what British historian Stuart Laycock learned after his son asked him how many countries Britain had invaded. British North America and Colonial America. Both Canada and the United States have areas in them that were once British colonies. They captured Malacca in 1511, holding it until the Dutch seized it in 1641. Within 30 years, both England and France had established colonies in the New World. Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. The British Empire was massive and was created with crafty, creative, and domineering ways of thinking. Great Britain waged two wars with Afghanistan to protect the northwest border of India resulting in Afghanistan becoming a semi-protectorate of the crown in 1880. The British Empire was composed of the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates, and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. The French also had colonies in Africa, from the ROC to modern-day Morocco, among other colonies worldwide. Great Britain ruled present day Sudan, Kenya, Botswana,Lesotho, Egypt, Northern Somalia, Eastern Ghana,Benin,Gambia and Niger Great Britain used indirect rule to control their colonies. By 1670 there were British American colonies in New England, Virginia, and Maryland and settlements in the Bermudas, Honduras, Antigua, Barbados, and Nova Scotia. The end of an era, which began in the 16th century, finally came around in 1997 when Hong Kong, one of the empire’s most prominent territories, was transferred back to China. Jennifer Mueller began writing and editing professionally in 1995, when she became sports editor of her university's newspaper while also writing a bi-monthly general interest column for an independent tourist publication. By the end of Queen Victoria's reign, the list of British colonies in the British West Indies included the island nations of Anguilla, Antigua, the Bahamas, Barbados, Barbuda, Belize, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and Turks and Caicos. Who will be next? However, the British Empire controlled a substantial amount of territory in Africa from the 16th century to the 18th century, from what is now South Africa to what is now Egypt. New research shows that practically everyone has been invaded by British troops at one point or another. A List of Countries Colonized by the British in the Victorian Era. The British in Africa. Source: Colonization in Africa. South Australia was established in 1836, Victoria in 1851 and Queensland in 1859. e.g: Burkina Faso. Further east, the British established control of the Malay peninsula and acquired a lease on Hong Kong from China following the end of the Opium Wars. These areas became prosperous economically and many people living in them began to wonder at one point why they needed to pay taxes to leaders back in England. I will let you figure out the countries in the map below for yourself. Britain did not have the amount of people to use direct control over all of their colonies, especially Africa. The colonization was orchestrated by the East India Company, a British corporation that traded cotton, silk, spices and tea. During the First Opium War between China and Britain in 1839, China temporarily gave Hong Kong Island over to the British. After more conflict, Burma became part of the empire in the 1880s. By the 1750s until 1947, Britain ruled the Subcontinent. This is what British historian Stuart Laycock learned after his son asked him how many countries Britain had invaded. Then the British people also established other colonies in many parts of Australia. Napoleon Bonaparte invaded the country in 1798 and the presence of the French helped secularize and modernize Egypt. The other chief colonisers were France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Portugal and Spain. The British Empire of the 19th century is best known for its queen, Victoria (1837-1901). Britain ruled Hong Kong with an agreement that the empire would give Hong Kong back to China 99 years after signing the deal, on July 1 1997, which it did. List of countries that have gained independence from the United Kingdom. Britain did not want to be paternalistic like the French colonialists, and it did not practice the assimilation policies of the French. Togo. Interestingly, 18 African countries that were formerly British colonies have chosen to remain connected to Great Britain as members of the British Commonwealth. © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Like in Africa, many western and central African countries were colonized by other European powers. Thus, many European countries, such as Italy, Portugal, Greece, Spain, England and Germany, began acquiring colonies, leading to the colonial division of the world. During the Victorian era which ended with the queen's death in 1901, Great Britain became the largest imperial power in the world. 3 The Land Down Under. Who are the indigenous people of Palestine? New research shows that practically everyone has been invaded by British troops at one point or another. Germany had only been unified in … All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. These countries accounted for more than 30% of Africa's population. Canada’s road to independence has been long and winding. A … Right now, Hong Kong is a special administrative region (SAR) of China, but that will change in 2047, when China will likely take complete control of the region. The British Empire was the largest of its kind in history, and once covered about one quarter of all the land on Earth. India was a colony of Britain from 1858 to 1947. The sun figuratively never set on the British empire during the Victorian Era with British colonies on every part of the globe. The New South Wales colony on Australia's east coast was divided into separate colonies during the mid-1800s. The countries represented at the time included Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden-Norway (unified … Britain had an extensive history of colonization, and it wanted colonies in North America for multiple reasons, including to increase their trading opportunities, create new jobs, and bring in revenue from colonial workers and goods. One of the last major colonies to be given up by Britain was Hong Kong which was given back to China on July 1st 1997. This was done with the 1841 Convention of Chuenpi. One of the last British colonies to gain its independence was Zimbabwe in 1980. He was hanged in 1859 for his part in an attack on Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. The company had an army, led by British officers and staffed by Indian soldiers. The British government watched the East India Company, who ruled India. It had always been Britain's most economically active region but the end of Empire did not see the end of Britain's economic and cultural ties to the region. Lesson Summary. With the occupation of Egypt in 1882, Great Britain aimed to annex more territory in East Africa until British territory connected the Cape of Good Hope to Cairo. The British government watched the East India Company, who ruled India. The Berlin Conference awarded large portions of East Africa to Great Britain. The last province to join since the 1867 confederation was Newfoundland and Labrador in 1949 and the last territory was Nunavut in 1999. In the early 17th century, says Mill, Britain was, “oppressed by … Jamaica was obtained by conquest in 1655, and the Hudson’s Bay Company established itself in what became northwestern Canada from the 1670s on. Many say the British Empire was made possible by conquering the world by sea, investing in a formidable army, and partnering with local people to further its spread. Portugal The Portuguese had the least impact on Southeast Asia. The British empire ruled over British North America in what is now Canada, beginning in about 1860. It all began back in the 1600s when Britain first set up the East India Company in order to ... Hong Kong. The British started colonizing Africa from the 1870s. During the Victorian era, Asia and India were the primary focus for expanding the British empire. ... British colonies, including Africa and India, made a significant contribution to the war effort. Britain had no right to rule people who did not want to be ruled by Britain. Ethnic rivalries were not serious in precolonial Africa. Rwanda. Between 1840 and 1868, the British began phasing out their original practice of shipping convicts to Australia. 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