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But, its effects are sometimes very different from marijuana, and often much stronger. Research suggests that Spice and other forms of synthetic cannabis is capable of producing much more intense and prolonged effects at much lower doses than natural cannabis. These elements are represented by the five flavors sour, bitter, sweet, pungent, and salty. Herbs are the fresh and dried leaves generally of temperate plants and are usually green in color. Shipments from Mexico and India, a major producer, were the most frequently contaminated. embedded systems in the automotive industry. The free eBook Life in the Ancient World guides you through craft centers in ancient Jerusalem, family structure across Israel and articles on ancient practices—from dining to makeup—across the Mediterranean world. Which of the following refers to thin, bending ice, or to the act of running over such ice. “Spice.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 18 Jan. 2021. spice noun (FOOD) B1 [ C or U ] a substance made from a plant, used to give a special flavour to food: Cinnamon, ginger, and cloves are all spices. In the automotive industry the original equipment manufacturers (OEM) ((OEM refers to parts and manufacturers involved in the final assembly of a vehicle — in contrast to aftermarket parts that can be installed after the car comes out o… b. Light contributes to oxidation processes. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'spice.' Sept. 10, 2018 -- A surge in dangerous side effects and overdoses has put the spotlight on cannabinoid drugs that go by names like K2, Spice, … A whole dried spice has the longest shelf life, so it can be purchased and stored in larger amounts, making it cheaper on a per-serving basis. spice in American English. "[16] In fact, Cristoforo di Messisbugo suggested in the 16th century that pepper may speed up spoilage. [11], It is often claimed that spices were used either as food preservatives or to mask the taste of spoiled meat, especially in the Middle Ages. JWH-018 was an aminoalklindole originally developed by John Huffman of Clemson University in the US and sold under the brand name: Spice. Spain and Portugal were interested in seeking new routes to trade in spices and other valuable products from Asia. 2. [22], Most herbs and spices have substantial antioxidant activity, owing primarily to phenolic compounds, especially flavonoids, which influence nutrition through many pathways, including affecting the absorption of other nutrients. Let's start at the beginning though. They believed that this herb was created by the Goddess Aphrodite. They typically suggest adding spices toward the end of the cooking process, where they could have no preservative effect whatsoever. Spices may be ground into a powder for convenience. The word nutmeg comes from the latin word nux, which means nut, and muscat, meaning musky. describes some eight hundred different medicinal remedies and numerous medicinal procedures. It is often called “synthetic marijuana” or "fake weed" because some of the chemicals in it are similar to ones in marijuana. A spice may be available in several forms: fresh, whole dried, or pre-ground dried. The Egyptians used herbs for mummification and their demand for exotic spices and herbs helped stimulate world trade. Centuries ago, spices were very expensive and could only be afforded by the rich. Social. The vast movement of people that followed the Norman Conquest of England of 1066 brought the Spice family name to the British Isles. It has been estimated that around 1,000  tons of pepper and 1,000  tons of the other common spices were imported into Western Europe each year during the Late Middle Ages. [11] There is also no evidence of such use from contemporary cookbooks: "Old cookbooks make it clear that spices weren't used as a preservative. [16], Though some spices have antimicrobial properties in vitro,[17] pepper—by far the most common spice—is relatively ineffective, and in any case, salt, which is far cheaper, is also far more effective.[16]. Generally, spices are dried. Spice is a name for a grocer which was in turn derived from the Old French word espice, of the same meaning. Some spices are not always available either fresh or whole, for example turmeric, and often must be purchased in ground form. The Ebers Papyrus from early Egypt dating from 1550 B.C.E. The Indian Institute of Spices Research in Kozhikode, Kerala, is devoted exclusively to conducting research for ten spice crops: black pepper, cardamom, cinnamon, clove, garcinia, ginger, nutmeg, paprika, turmeric, and vanilla. Bloody wars have been waged over the control of this spice and many have died in an attempt to gain control of its production. The royal palaces and courts across these regions valued them highly and incorporated them in their royal cuisine. The trade made the region rich. Mace definition is - an aromatic spice consisting of the dried external fibrous covering of a nutmeg. This contrasts to herbs which are usually added late in preparation. Seasonings such as cinnamon, cassia, cardamom, ginger, and turmeric were important items of commerce in the earliest evolution of trade. What made you want to look up spice? English: metonymic occupational name for a spicer (see Spicer). The military prowess of Afonso de Albuquerque (1453–1515) allowed the Portuguese to take control of the sea routes to India. In addition to being desired by those using medieval medicine, the European elite also craved spices in the Middle Ages. The spice trade developed throughout the Indian subcontinent by at earliest 2000 BCE with cinnamon and black pepper, and in East Asia with herbs and pepper. Spice History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms. He described to investors new spices available there. How to use mace in a sentence. The control of trade routes and the spice-producing regions were the main reasons that Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama sailed to India in 1499. The value of these goods was the equivalent of a yearly supply of grain for 1.5 million people. It is possible for one plant to provide a… The flavor of a spice is derived in part from compounds (volatile oils) that oxidize or evaporate when exposed to air. Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way. See more. In the story of Genesis, Joseph was sold into slavery by his brothers to spice merchants. Medicinal use would not enter the picture for thousands of years, but … [note 1] The ancient Indian epic Ramayana mentions cloves. Sailing from Eastern spice cultivators to Western European consumers gradually replaced the land-locked spice routes once facilitated by the Middle East Arab caravans.[2]. [18] The "flavor life" of a ground spice can be much shorter. Spice is not a single drug, but a range of laboratory-made chemicals that mimic the effects of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive component of cannabis. 13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1, 14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1, Middle English, from Anglo-French espece, espis, from Late Latin species product, wares, drugs, spices, from Latin, appearance, species — more at species. Spices are the flowers, fruit, seeds, bark, and roots typically of tropical plants and range from brown to black to red in color. The Portuguese could now trade directly with Siam, China, and the Maluku Islands. [20] However, with newly developed radiation sterilization methods, the risk of Salmonella contamination is now lower. In the biblical poem Song of Solomon, the male speaker compares his beloved to many forms of spices. It also involved analysis of the connections between changes in social structures and other historical shifts, especially trends in political economy, cultural expression, and human ecology. An example of the European aristocracy's demand for spice comes from the King of Aragon, who invested substantial resources into bringing back spices to Spain in the 12th century. Well, the Old Spice guy before there was an Old Spice guy was William Lightfoot Schultz. In general, spices have a more pungent flavor than herbs. Small seeds, such as fennel and mustard seeds, are often used both whole and in powder form. [11][12] This is false. Barbare translates to “hot” and comes from the Ancient Ethiopian word for pepper, which is papare. •Relationships among human beings. Send us feedback. n. 1. a. What does SPICE stand for? This resulted in the Egyptian port city of Alexandria being the main trading center for spices. So, the colonial nautical theme, which followed from the spicy scent of the product, became an … A frequently used spice such as black pepper may merit storage in its own hand grinder or mill. History Nutmeg is considered to be one of the most tragic spices in history. [10] At various periods, many spices have been believed to have medicinal value. [13][14][15] In fact, spices are rather ineffective as preservatives as compared to salting, smoking, pickling, or drying, and are ineffective in covering the taste of spoiled meat. [8] The most exclusive was saffron, used as much for its vivid yellow-red color as for its flavor. 1. With the discovery of the New World came new spices, including allspice, chili peppers, vanilla, and chocolate. Before learning about the history of herbs and spices, it is necessary to define these terms. Top SPICE abbreviation meanings updated January 2021 They would later even use these methods for embalming.1Upon eating these wrapped meats, they discovered the flavors were quite delicious. One study found cumin and fresh ginger to be highest in antioxidant activity.[23]. While the true origin of berbere spice is unknown — in the sense that no one is sure who invented it — historians speculate that its origins lie in the era when Ethiopians controlled the route to the silk road from the Red Sea. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Spices are sometimes used in medicine, religious rituals, cosmetics or perfume production. ... Below, I, like Noah, record the herbs and spices of the Near East throughout history. is no way to trace it to the first person to make it or the exact place where it is was first formulated The word spice comes from the Old French word espice, which became epice, and which came from the Latin root spec, the noun referring to "appearance, sort, kind": species has the same root. Find out what is the full meaning of SPICE on! [19] As most spices are cooked before being served salmonella contamination often has no effect, but some spices, particularly pepper, are often eaten raw and present at table for convenient use. (Entry 1 of 2) 1 : any of various aromatic vegetable products (such as pepper or nutmeg) used to season or flavor foods. A fresh spice, such as ginger, is usually more flavorful than its dried form, but fresh spices are more expensive and have a much shorter shelf life. Since becoming the viceroy of the Indies, he took Goa in India in 1510, and Malacca on the Malay peninsula in 1511. As a general rule, the flavors from a spice take time to infuse into the food so spices are added early in preparation. A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, or other plant substance primarily used for flavoring or coloring food. After Vasco da Gama discovered a sea route to India, it wasn't long before other expeditions made their way further east and discovered the Spice … Although the exact origins of five-spice powder are lost to history, there is some thought that the Chinese were attempting to produce a "wonder powder" encompassing all of the five elements—wood, fire, earth, metal, and water. AP World History Theme: Development and Transformation of … [note 4], Some flavor elements in spices are soluble in water; many are soluble in oil or fat. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? They are also used to perfume cosmetics and incense. Less labor-intensive tools are more common now: a microplane or fine grater can be used to grind small amounts; a coffee grinder[note 2] is useful for larger amounts. [18], A study by the Food and Drug Administration of shipments of spices to the United States during fiscal years 2007-2009 showed about 7% of the shipments were contaminated by Salmonella bacteria, some of it antibiotic-resistant. All human societies develop ways of grouping their members, as well as norms that govern interactions between individuals and social groups. To grind a whole spice, the classic tool is mortar and pestle. This development kept the spice trade, with America as a latecomer with its new seasonings, profitable well into the 19th century. The shelf life of a whole dry spice is roughly two years; of a ground spice roughly six months. Given medieval medicine's main theory of humorism, spices and herbs were indispensable to balance "humors" in food,[6] a daily basis for good health at a time of recurrent pandemics. [8] When da Gama discovered the pepper market in India, he was able to secure peppers for a much cheaper price than the ones demanded by Venice. 'Software Process Improvement and Capability' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. [21], Because they tend to have strong flavors and are used in small quantities, spices tend to add few calories to food, even though many spices, especially those made from seeds, contain high portions of fat, protein, and carbohydrate by weight. b : something that gives zest or relish variety's the very spice of life — William Cowper. •World History requires analysis of the processes through which social categories, roles and practices were created, maintained and transformed. Spices that have now fallen into obscurity in European cuisine include grains of paradise, a relative of cardamom which mostly replaced pepper in late medieval north French cooking, long pepper, mace, spikenard, galangal and cubeb. 1. a. any of several vegetable substances, as cloves, cinnamon, nutmeg, or pepper, used to season food; spices are usually dried for use and have distinctive flavors and aromas. Spices are distinguished from herbs, which are the leaves, flowers, or stems of plants used for flavoring or as a garnish. That was because they were brought by ships that sailed to distant exotic places. Spices are widely used in South Asian cooking. Spice is a mix of herbs (shredded plant material) and laboratory-made chemicals with mind-altering effects. spice synonyms, spice pronunciation, spice translation, English dictionary definition of spice. Cinnamon and cassia found their way to the Middle East at least 4,000 years ago. Paul Freedman, "Food Histories of the Middle Ages", in Kyri W. Claflin, Peter Scholliers, International Organization for Standardization, International Classification for Standards, "Bioactive Natural Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Spice Plants: New Findings and Potential Applications", "Can we understand modern humans without considering pathogens? Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press. Food additives", "Food Bacteria-Spice Survey Shows Why Some Cultures Like It Hot", "Antioxidant and antimicrobial effects of garlic in chicken sausage", "Common Kitchen Spices Kill E. Coli O157:H7",, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing examples from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 12:03. The fight to take control of this "spice monopoly" flared up between Europeans until it became a major issue in 1512. The study of world history requires analysis of the processes through which social categories, roles, and practices were created, maintained, and transformed. Early uses were connected with magic, medicine, religion, tradition, and preservation. The word spice comes from the Old French word espice, which became epice, and which came from the Latin root spec, the noun referring to "appearance, sort, kind": specieshas the same root. For several years now, pumpkin spice has been the flavor and scent that lets many of us know that it is officially fall. History of Spice Trade As evident from the literature, spices were an important ingredient in cooking, preserving food as well as medicinal purposes in the ancient regions of India, China, Egypt, Mesopotamia and Persia. b. such substances collectively or as a material. Seriously, there is NO reason for this stuff to be legal. Encyclopedia of Jewish Food, p. 453, Gil Marks, John Wiley & Sons, 2010. Spice Name Meaning. Ancient man ( the hunter/gatherer) was known to wrap food in the leaves of certain spice plants, mostly as a preservative. 104K Historical Documents. The most popular explanation for the love of spices in the Middle Ages is that they were used to preserve meat from spoiling, or to cover up the taste of meat that had already gone off. 3 : a pungent or fragrant odor : perfume. … [citation needed], Another source of competition in the spice trade during the 15th and 16th century was the Ragusans from the maritime republic of Dubrovnik in southern Croatia.[9]. Define spice. ", "Prevalence, serotype diversity, and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella in imported shipments of spice offered for entry to the United States, FY2007–FY2009", "Salmonella in Spices Prompts Changes in Farming", USDA National Nutrient Database: Nutrient data for 02028, Spices, paprika, "Antioxidant capacity of vegetables, spices and dressings relevant to nutrition", "67.220: Spices and condiments. The Egyptians used herbs for mummification and their demand for exotic spices and herbs helped stimulate world trade. Definition of spice. The most important discovery prior to the European spice trade was the monsoon winds (40 CE). [note 3] Ground spices are better stored away from light. Grinding a spice greatly increases its surface area and so increases the rates of oxidation and evaporation. For example, a teaspoon of paprika contains about 1133 IU of Vitamin A, which is over 20% of the recommended daily allowance specified by the US FDA. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? By 1000 BCE, medical systems based … The Romans had cloves in the 1st century CE, as Pliny the Elder wrote about them. However, when used in larger quantity, spices can also contribute a substantial amount of minerals and other micronutrients, including iron, magnesium, calcium, and many others, to the diet. List of 125 SPICE definitions. Spices in History . Looking for the definition of SPICE? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In 1506, he took the island of Socotra in the mouth of the Red Sea and, in 1507, Ormuz in the Persian Gulf. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Since oregano was originally grown in Greece, it was first used by the Greeks. Learn a new word every day. Spices were all imported from plantations in Asia and Africa, which made them expensive. Anyone who could afford spices could easily find meat fresher than what city dwellers today buy in their local supermarket. As the majority of the world's spices come from South East Asia, the spice trade helped drive the global economy starting in the Middle Ages. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). The word “oregano” comes from the Greek words oros, for “mountain,” and ganos, for “joy” meaning “ joy of the mountains”. Other types of coffee grinders, such as a.

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