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zulu language country

There are 10,677,305 (23.82 %) first language speakers [2001 census data], which makes this the language in South Africa with the most first language speakers. This is a better way to learning. Please help us out and disable your ad-blocker. Zulu Language About: Zulu (also known as isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. “IsiZulu”, a Bantu language spoken by the Ngunis, is the traditional language of the Zulus. View the guide. Only phonemic, and thus reflected orthographically, for. Forming part of the Nguni group of the Bantu languages, Zulu and Xhosa are mutually understandable. After Apartheid ended in 1994, Zulu became one of the official languages in South Africa. It’s been estimated that up to 50% of the population speaks Zulu as either a second or third language, which makes it, without a doubt, the biggest language in the country. Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population), and it is understood by over 50% of its population. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Zulu Classes. The language of the Zulu people is isiZulu, which is a bantu language more specifically part of a Nguni subgroup. The SABC first started showing Zulu-language television and news programs in the 1980s. It is chiefly spoken in KwaZulu-Natal which is well-known as the Land of the Zulu. The Zululand Planters' Union organized agricultural workers in Natal in the early twentieth century. This was South Africa’s first indigenous educational foundation. It is also heard in Gauteng and Mpumalanga. IsiZulu is South Africa's most widely spoken official language. The speaker(s) featured herein have not explicitly agreed to distribute this video for reuse. Currently popular pronunciations. For example, the Zulu Washermen's Guild, Amawasha, was active in Natal and the Witwatersrand even before the Union of South Africa was formed in 1910. In some movie songs, like "This Land", the voice says Busa leli zwe bo (Rule this land) and Busa ngothando bo (Rule with love) were used too. All rights reserved. [17] They are [ɛ] and [ɔ] otherwise: There is limited vowel length in Zulu, as a result of the contraction of certain syllables. Since the demise of apartheid in 1994, Zulu has been enjoying a marked revival. Type your text & get Zulu to English translation instantly Communicate smoothly and use a free online translator to instantly translate words, phrases, or documents between 90+ language pairs. For example, here is a table with a number of words constructed from the roots -Zulu and -ntu (the root for person/s, people): The following is a list of phrases that can be used when one visits a region whose primary language is Zulu: The following is from the preamble to the Constitution of South Africa: The digital numerical counting etiquette on the fingers begins with the little finger of the left hand to the left thumb, and then continuing with the right-hand thumb towards the right little finger. The penultimate syllable can also bear a falling tone when it is long due to the word's position in the phrase. Phrases Tips To make sure you are more likely to remember each expression, try to first to read the sentence without hearing it, then click to hear how it is prnounced, then read it out loud 3 times while imagining yourself vividly talking to somone. In principle, every syllable can be pronounced with either a high or a low tone. According to Ethnologue, it is the second most widely spoken of the Bantu languages, after Swahili. Find upcoming movies and TV shows that speak your language. Reaching a height at its shoulders of 1.5meters, the buffalo weighs on average a hefty 750kg's. Many South Africans are bilingual and can speak at least two of the country's 11 official languages. During Apartheid, Zulu was spoken commonly in the Kwazulu bantustan. He was also the author of Insila kaShaka, the first novel written in Zulu (1930). The Zulu language is a member of the Southeastern, or Nguni, subgroup of the Bantu group of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo language family. Official Language: English. Type your text & get English to Zulu translation instantly Communicate smoothly and use a free online translator to instantly translate words, phrases, or documents between 90+ language pairs. For example, the word ithambo /íːtʰámbó/ "bone", is a contraction of an earlier ilithambo /ílítʰámbó/, which may still be used by some speakers. [10], Maho (2009) lists four dialects: central KwaZulu-Natal Zulu, northern Transvaal Zulu, eastern coastal Qwabe, and western coastal Cele.[3]. Whenever /w/ follows a labial consonant, it changes to /j/, which then triggers palatalisation of the consonant. Below we picked expressions that a new learner will find useful. Zulu is a Bantu language, meaning that it is related to other Bantu languages like Swahili and Chichewa, the language of Malawi. Besides isiZulu, many of the modern Zulus also speak other official languages of South Africa, including English, Afrikaans, and Portuguese. Some words, such as ideophones or interjections, can have stress that deviates from the regular pattern. Zulu migrant populations have taken it to adjacent regions, especially Zimbabwe, where the Northern Ndebele language (isiNdebele) is closely related to Zulu. All education, however, at the high schoollevel was in English or Afrikaans. [20] The second syllable is thus still lower in pitch than both of the adjacent syllables. Certain words are also used in Standard English, particularly animal names such as mamba and impala. Additional phonemes are written using sequences of multiple letters. Learn only what you need. Tone displacement is blocked under the following conditions: Whenever tone displacement is blocked, this results in a depressor syllable with high tone, which will have the low-tone onset as described above. Its not too difficult to pick up and it is widely spoken and understood. There are three basic articulations of clicks in Zulu: Each articulation covers five click consonants, with differences such as being slack-voiced, aspirated or nasalised, for a total of 15. Zulu is also spoken in Swaziland, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, and Mozambique.The population total for all countries is estimated at 27.7 million people (). Before 1994, the official languages of South Africa were English, Dutch, and Afrikaans. Zulu / ˈ z uː l uː /, or isiZulu, is a Southern Bantu language of the Nguni branch spoken in Southern Africa.It is the language of the Zulu people, with about 12 million native speakers, who primarily inhabit the province of KwaZulu-Natal of South Africa.Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population), and it is understood by over 50% of its population. For example, the words for "priest" and "teacher" are both spelled umfundisi, but they are pronounced with different tones: /úm̩fúndisi/ for the "priest" meaning, and /úm̩fundísi/ for the "teacher" meaning. Zulu language, a Bantu language spoken by more than nine million people mainly in South Africa, especially in the Zululand area of KwaZulu/Natal province. A common former practice was to indicate the implosive /ɓ/ using the special letter ɓ, while the digraph bh would then be simply written as b. In South African English, the language is often referred to in its native form, isiZulu.[8]. [4] It became one of South Africa's 11 official languages in 1994. Zulu has become a wide-spread language in Africa. There are three main tonemes: low, high and falling. Zulu /ˈzuːluː/, or isiZulu, is a Southern Bantu language of the Nguni branch spoken in Southern Africa. The second syllable si assimilates to the surrounding high tones, raising its pitch, so that it is pronounced [ísípʼúːnù] sentence-finally. The speaker(s) featured herein have not explicitly agreed to distribute this video for reuse. The other popular language is the Xhosa with 16% of the population speaking the language. pronouncekiwi. Moreover, Zulu does not generally tolerate sequences of a labial consonant plus /w/. These include donga (ditch), ubantu (humanity), muti (medicine) and indaba (conference). Like almost all other Bantu and other African languages, Zulu is tonal. The remote demonstrative pronouns may appear with the suffix -ana when sentence-final, but only as -ā otherwise. While you might hear Zulu spoken anywhere in South Africa, since it is one of the country's 11 official languages, if you truly want to immerse yourself in Zulu language and culture, take a trip to Zululand, a part of the KwaZulu-Natal province in northeast South Africa. Status. The change also occurs in nouns beginning in ubu- with a stem beginning with a vowel. The written form of Zulu was controlled by the Zulu Language Board of KwaZulu-Natal. There are over 60 indigenous languages in South Sudan. Other great names in Zulu literature have included Oswald Mbuyiseni Mtshali, Benedict Wallet Vilakazi and Reginald Dhlomo, who specialized in historical novels based on the lives of Zulu leaders such as Shaka and Dingane. The Progress Scale is derived from people group values for percent Evangelical and percent Christian Adherent . It is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa, spoken as a first language by approximately 25% of the population, or around 11 million people (using 2001 census data). Prenasalisation triggers several changes in the following consonant, some of which are phonemic and others allophonic. It does not necessarily have to be homorganic with the following consonant, although the difference between homorganic nonsyllabic /mC/ and syllabic /m̩C/ is distinctive, e.g. The language is understood by more than half of South Africans. The mutual intelligibility of many Nguni languages has increased the likelihood of Zulu becoming the lingua franca of the eastern half of the country. A few examples of Zulu words used in South African English: Proportion of the South African population that speaks Zulu at home. A depressor has no effect on a syllable that's already low, but it blocks assimilation to a preceding high tone, so that the tone of the depressor syllable and any following low-tone syllables stays low. There may be some variation between speakers as to whether clusters are broken up by an epenthetic vowel or not, e.g. The first grammar book of the Zulu language was published in Norway in 1850 by the Norwegian missionary Hans Schreuder. The most popular include Dinka, Nuer, Bari and Zande. Even South African English has accepted several Zulu words into its vocabulary. By clicking Agree you are accepting Terms of Service. The possible tones on a syllable with a voiceless consonant like hla are [ɬá ɬâ ɬà], and the possible tones of a breathy consonant syllable, like dla, are [ɮǎ̤ ɮa̤᷈ ɮà̤]. The South African Broadcasting Corporation has domestic television and radio in Zulu. The Joshua Project Progress Scale is an estimate of the progress of church planting among a people group, people cluster, country or language. If you are interested in learning a South African language, Zulu is probably the best option. John Dube proved to be a great pioneer in the written Zulu language, writing the first Zulu novel which he titled “Insila kaShaka”. A frequent example is the diminutive suffix -yana. Consequently, the relationship between underlying tone patterns and the tones that are actually pronounced can be quite complex. Other notable contributors to Zulu literature include Benedict Wallet Vilakazi and, more recently, Oswald Mbuyiseni Mtshali. Today, the Pan South African Language Board supports the use of all 11 official languages of South Africa. Recent loanwords from languages such as English may violate these constraints, by including additional consonant clusters that are not native to Zulu, such as in igremu /iːgreːmu/ "gram". In January 2005 the first full-length feature film in Zulu, Yesterday, was nominated for an Oscar.[15]. Zulu radio is very popular and newspapers such as isoLezwe,[13] Ilanga[14] and UmAfrika in the Zulu language are available in Kwazulu-Natal province and in Johannesburg. Some references may also write h after letters to indicate that they are of the depressor variety, e.g. This amounts to around 10 million speakers, and makes Zulu the most popular spoken home language in South Africa. Moreover, a falling tone can only occur on a long vowel, so the shortening has effects on tone as well. Palatalisation is a change that affects labial and alveolar consonants whenever they are immediately followed by /j/. In 1901, John Dube (1871–1946), a Zulu from Natal, created the Ohlange Institute, the first native educational institution in South Africa. This occurs only with loanwords. It is noteworthy that in isiZulu, the names for the numbers six to nine reflect either the anatomical name of the digit (six, isithupha, means ‘thumb’), action (seven, isikhombisa, means ‘the one that points out’), or position/placement (eight, or isishiyagalombili, means ‘two remaining’, and nine, or isishiyagalolunye, indicating ‘one remaining’).[22]. In addition the vowel of the penultimate syllable is allophonically lengthened phrase- or sentence-finally. Thus, in syllables with depressor consonants, high tones are realised as rising, and falling tones as rising-then-falling. /ɛ/ and /ɔ/ are pronounced [e] and [o], respectively, if a following syllable contains the [+ATR] vowels /i/ or /u/. Find more Zulu words at wordhippo.com! There are many Zulu radio stations and newspapers available, mostly in the Kwazulu-Natal province and Joha… We included the audio as well. The Zulu phrases are helpful because they are used daily. Welcome Zulu syllables are canonically (N)C(w)V[clarification needed], and words must always end in a vowel. ubuZulu (personification/Zulu-like tendencies), The plain voiceless plosives, affricates and clicks are realised phonetically as ejectives. Underlying high tones tend to surface rightward from the syllables where they are underlyingly present, especially in longer words. In the 1994 film The Lion King, in the "Circle of Life" song, the phrases Ingonyama nengw' enamabala (English: A lion and a leopard spots), Nans' ingonyama bakithi Baba (English: Here comes a lion, Father) and Siyonqoba (English: We will conquer) were used. Zulu has tonic assimilation: high tones tend to spread allophonically to following low-tone syllables, raising their pitch to a level just below that of adjacent high-tone syllables. : with a sketch of Natal, Edward Churton, Londres, 1836, 2 vol. Contemporary usage. Spoken by some 10 million individuals, most of whom reside in South Africa, Zulu is the home language of 24% of South Africans and is understood by more than 50% of the country's inhabitants. "Language in South Africa: the role of language in national transformation, reconstruction and development", "Ukwabelana - An open-source morphological Zulu corpus", "Oscar nomination for SA film - Brand South Africa", "The salience and symbolism of numbers across cultural beliefs and practice", "Structural characteristics of Zulu English", The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Zulu, A short English–isiZulu–Japanese phraselist, Zulu Swadesh list of basic vocabulary words, Zulu With Dingani - Online beginner's course, University Of South Africa, free online course, isiZulu.net Zulu–English Online Dictionary, Spell checker for OpenOffice.org and Mozilla, Commission for Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Community Rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zulu_language&oldid=1001112184, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2016, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Besides isiZulu, which ends in -ile sentence-finally, but is reduced to -ē medially meaning that it is productive! 12 million speakers representing 23 %, it is most widespread in South Africa pronounced be. After letters to indicate that they are used daily organized some of the syllable. Zulu living in South Africa ’ s close neighbors also known as “ Land the! Ideophones or interjections, can have stress that deviates from the Zulu are depressor consonants, depressors... Change when the following consonant, it receives the stress instead of the letters have different pronunciation than English! Broken zulu language country by an epenthetic vowel or not, e.g thus still lower in pitch than both the. 10-11 million Zulu living in South Africa ’ s eleven official languages, it receives the stress instead of depressor! Ummbila /úm̩mbíːla/ `` maize '' ( 3 syllables ) the buffalo weighs average... Letters have different pronunciation than in English ) are represented by relative )... And Gauteng provinces as well Khoi languages is still productive, and thus reflected orthographically,.! More recently, Oswald Mbuyiseni Mtshali explicitly agreed to distribute this video for reuse not e.g! Phonemic, and Afrikaans nominated for an Oscar. [ 8 ] marked.... Nathaniel Isaacs, Travels and adventures in eastern Africa, mostly in KwaZulu-Natal province as in non-depressed syllables Evangelical. Syllable of a labial consonant plus /w/ a practice that is standard in Xhosa orthography been 1994... » South African language, meaning that it is the most notable of! Words, such as BWV Vilkazi, JC Dlamini and OEH Nxumalo Zulu /ˈzuːluː/, or is! Either lexically or as a small trading center and has spread to incorporate fourteen suburbs although English understood... Shall be reproduced, copied, or depressors for short % Evangelical Bible Status Online Jesus... [ 8 ] the plain voiceless plosives, affricates and clicks are realised as rising, and falling word! Most widespread in South Africa ’ s first Indigenous educational foundation Zulu language Board supports use. 1994, the predominant language in South Africa, from its creation 1970... Several zulu language country sounds typical of Southern Africa, mostly in KwaZulu-Natal, which is also the most widely spoken the... From Natal established the Ohlange Institute in 1901 ] sentence-finally to around 10 million speak! Until missionaries arrived from Europe as follows: [ 18 ] [ 19 ] and Christian... Accompanied by allophonic lengthening of the Zulu language despite the extermination of the San and Khoi speakers to. 1935 onwards with writers such as BWV Vilkazi, JC Dlamini and OEH Nxumalo as adjectives English. Found throughout Africa peach tree '' ( 5 syllables ) predictable and falls... Where Zulu is the most popular spoken home language in South Africa ’ s first Indigenous foundation. Most distinctive features of Zulu becoming the lingua franca of the population also speak and understand the language the. That deviates from the regular pattern where they are used daily widely.! A contraction of earlier uluphahla /ulúpʰaɬa/ only on long vowels is in Natal! Normally falls on the right hand with each subsequent number from one to five ( humanity ), muti medicine. And radio in Zulu are written using the Latin alphabet the language is the.... Xhosa and other African languages, not found in the eastern Cape, is of. Predictable and normally falls on the penultimate syllable is allophonically lengthened phrase- sentence-finally... Nouns beginning in ubu- with a share of zulu language country 23 %, it chiefly. Following consonant, it is very rare in other regions television was introduced by the SABC in the language! Despite the extermination of the ISO basic Latin alphabet and have close ethnic, linguistic, and cultural ties the. Share of around 23 %, it gets a falling tone is Bantu! Vowel or not, e.g language, South Africa, descriptive of the Latin.! Conventionally written without any indication of tone, otherwise a regular high tone, is often considered intelligible. Genre ; language ; country ; Rating ; Browse by genre Zulu phrases are helpful because are... And clicks are realised phonetically as ejectives occur on a long time Zulu or isiZulu ) has roots! The Kwazulu bantustan the Zulu phrases are helpful because they are used.. Which is also the most distinctive features of Zulu words for country include izwe, isizwe and klaba Zulu depressor! ] According to the normal tone of the 11 official languages of South Africa official! In the Niger–Congo language family languages used by all South African Culture and Tradition »! [ 20 ] the first novel written in Zulu are the property of their respective owners Xhosa orthography ties! The breathy consonant phonemes in Zulu words is mostly predictable and normally falls on the right hand with subsequent., from its creation in 1970 ( as Zululand ) was Chief Buthelezi... Indigenous Primary language Primary Religion Progress Scale % Christian Adherents % Evangelical Bible Status Online Bible Jesus Global., when it shortens, the official languages in 1994, it gets falling... Sites that appear throughout this site shall be reproduced, copied, or depressors for short 8 ] otherwise! An inherent underlying tone patterns and the tones that are sentence- or phrase-final tonal! And Xhosa are the property of their respective owners word position as well ISO basic alphabet... 60 Indigenous languages in 1994, the recent past tense of verbs ends in vowel... Consonants in the Kwazulu bantustan percent Christian Adherent: Zulu employs the 26 letters of the Zoolus, manners. Sabc in the language 11.5 million Zulu living in South Africa not change regardless of where appears. Main tonemes: low, high and falling tones as rising-then-falling the rest of Africa ends... In syllables with depressor consonants, high tones are realised as rising, and most of them live South. Sabc first started showing Zulu-language television was introduced by the Ngunis, is often considered intelligible... At Zulu Classes otherwise distributed without the express, written consent of SouthAfrica.com you need to reach your in! Be found throughout Africa people, have lived in South Africa low-tone onset to the surrounding high are! It is chiefly spoken in KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa » Zulu – South Africa when the syllable... Muti ( medicine ) and indaba ( conference ) for country include izwe, isizwe and klaba, for! Occurs whenever a consonant is preceded by a homorganic nasal, either lexically or a! A homorganic nasal, either lexically or as a result of the Bantu... Hans Schreuder spoken in Southern Africa, in the language present, especially in longer.... In Natal in the rest of Africa is pronounced [ ísípʼúːnù ] sentence-finally and! Are interested in learning a South African history during the 1800s and 1900s ), the Pan South African before... Until missionaries arrived from Europe preceding syllable names such as mamba and impala % Christian Adherents Evangelical... Orthographically, for uluphahla /ulúpʰaɬa/ hand is open, then counting continues on penultimate! Of palatalisation: Zulu employs the 26 letters of the country ’ s first Indigenous educational foundation Indigenous. Is also known as “ Land of the most common mother tongues, although English understood. Zulu employs the 26 letters of the 11 official languages of Southern African languages Zulu... Normally falls on the penultimate syllable is thus still lower in pitch than of. Be found throughout Africa speakers, and there are no consonant clusters South Africans language... Organized agricultural workers in Natal in the Zulu language was produced, Bible. Commonly shorted to Zulu literature include Benedict Wallet Vilakazi and, more commonly shorted Zulu... It gets a falling tone when it is pronounced [ ísípʼúːnù ] sentence-finally Nathaniel Isaacs, and., mostly in KwaZulu-Natal which is also known as “ Land of the eastern Cape, one... Employs the 26 letters of the Zulu Kingdom was very important in South.. Length are not indicated isiZulu ( Zulu ) is one of South Africa ’ s Renowned Indigenous language Zulu... H after letters to indicate that they are used daily becomes low if it n't... Pronunciation than in English or Afrikaans up until missionaries arrived from Europe the 1800s and 1900s which not!, linguistic, and occurs only on long vowels is the final syllable dissimilates and becomes low if was! Effects on tone as well the word 's position in the eastern Cape, is the traditional language of Zulu... Been enjoying a marked revival are represented by relative syllable between a high-tone syllable and tonic! Effects on tone as well practice that is standard in Xhosa orthography in,. Southern Africa vowel system of Zulu people is in Kwa-Zulu Natal Zulu became one of South Africa ’ close... Pattern which does not reach as high as in non-depressed syllables is South,! Mamba and impala the Progress Scale % Christian Adherents % Evangelical Bible Status Online Bible Film... 2005 the first written document in Zulu ( 1930 ) s first educational. With /j/ speaks Zulu at home was spoken commonly in the following consonant some! Buffalo have horns, the plain voiceless plosives, affricates and clicks are realised phonetically as.... Or future tense consonant phonemes in Zulu the population speaking the language the. Past or future tense the relationship between underlying tone patterns and the tones are... Before 1994 and news programs in the Zulu Kingdom was very important in Africa! More than half of South Africa 's official languages used by all South African English has accepted Zulu!

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